High quality development of the hottest renewable

2022-08-14
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The high-quality development of renewable energy requires major institutional innovation

recently, the National Energy Administration announced the renewable energy power quota and assessment measures (Draft for comments) (hereinafter referred to as the draft for comments), and the author participated in the research of the measures. The author believes that the purpose of establishing renewable energy power quota system is to establish a comprehensive index statistical assessment system, guide local governments to scientifically formulate renewable energy development and utilization goals and the preparation and implementation of energy development plans, clarify the role of local governments, power enterprises and power generation enterprises in promoting renewable energy consumption and implementing the national non fossil energy development goals, and establish corresponding monitoring and evaluation systems on this basis, So as to achieve more effective government supervision during and after the event, and then promote the transformation of the energy system towards a green and low-carbon direction

the bottleneck in the development of China's renewable energy industry is mainly reflected in market and institutional constraints

as of February 2018, the installed capacity of hydropower generation above Designated Size in China has reached 298.87 million KW, the combined installed capacity of wind power has reached 167.25 million KW, the combined installed capacity of solar power has reached 138.79 million KW, the combined installed capacity of biomass power has reached 15.65 million KW, and the total installed capacity of renewable energy power generation in China has reached 62.56 million KW, It accounts for 36.4% of the total installed power generation capacity of power plants above the national scale. In 2017, the national renewable energy power generation exceeded 1.6 trillion kwh, accounting for 25.6% of the power generation of power plants above the national scale

in the past 10 years, driven by various supporting policies, China's renewable energy industry has significantly enhanced its strength, made significant technological progress, and continuously improved its equipment manufacturing and industrial service system, starting to enter a new stage of comprehensive, rapid and large-scale development. At the same time, the bottleneck of the further development of renewable energy in China has changed from the constraints of technical equipment and development and construction capacity in the past to the constraints of market and system, which is highlighted by the current difficulties in power access and market consumption of hydropower, wind power and solar power generation. It is difficult to solve these problems only by conventional policy means, and major institutional innovation must be carried out. The formulation of renewable energy power quota system policy meets the requirements of institutional innovation

the essence of renewable energy power quota system is to put forward binding renewable energy power ratio tensile test (stress-strain test) for the power consumption of the whole society. Generally, the two ends of material samples are clamped on two clamps with a certain distance between them. The provincial energy management department formulates and adopts effective implementation plans and supporting policy measures in accordance with national laws, regulations, plans and policies, Power enterprises shall complete the quota organization and implementation of power consumption in accordance with the requirements of laws, regulations and policies. This can provide institutional guarantee for the development of renewable energy in the following aspects:

clarify the legal requirements for the priority development of renewable energy. Put forward clear assessable proportion indicators of renewable energy in power consumption for the whole country and all provincial regions, and promote the overall planning and coordination of national energy development strategy, national and local energy planning, energy production layout, energy transmission and operation, and terminal energy consumption mode on the premise of completing renewable energy power quota indicators

ensure that national and local energy related policies must meet the needs of achieving renewable energy development goals. The renewable energy quota system clearly indicates the strategic goal of the national renewable energy development, puts forward binding requirements for the utilization of renewable energy power in all provincial regions, urges the country to formulate targeted and coordinated renewable energy related policies, and breaks down the policy and institutional obstacles that hinder the development of renewable energy. Local energy management departments must ensure the priority development and utilization of renewable energy in the implementation of policies and management

promote the transformation of energy systems such as electricity to adapt to the large-scale development and utilization of renewable energy. It is clear that the implementation subject of renewable energy power quota indicators in the service area is all kinds of power enterprises, so as to promote power enterprises to optimize and adjust the configuration and operation mode of the power system according to the binding requirements of accepting renewable energy power. In the management of the production and operation of the power system, we should thoroughly eradicate unreasonable practices that hinder the effective utilization of renewable energy. It will promote the development of smart electricity, energy storage technology, demand side smart electricity, distributed generation applications and other fields

the "landing" of the power quota system, and the overall framework design should be linked to reality

the establishment and implementation of the renewable energy power quota system in China is actually a set of policy system on the development of renewable energy based on the renewable energy law, which not only includes the provisions on the quota obligations of all kinds of power enterprises, such as the typical utilization of Jinfa technology pp-lgf in the automotive field, but also includes the selection of qualified technologies The determination of the subject of obligations, the formulation of quota indicators, the certificate system, the establishment of assessment and supervision mechanism and the corresponding systems

determination of the subject of quota obligations. Most of the countries that implement the quota system in the world are power supply enterprises. At present, China's power sales market has not been fully liberalized, and power enterprises account for a large share in the power sales market. From the perspective of management, the organization mode is also relatively clear. At present, the proposal of the draft for comments clearly stipulates that market entities such as provincial power companies, local power enterprises, other types of power distribution enterprises (including incremental distribution enterprises with social capital investment), self owned power plants, direct power purchase users participating in power market transactions and other market entities undertake renewable energy power allocation obligations

determination of quota indicators. Quota indicators are binding indicators, including absolute and relative quantities. The absolute quantity is generally selected as the installed capacity or power generation, while the relative quantity can be expressed as the percentage of the installed capacity of renewable energy in the total installed capacity, or the percentage of renewable energy power generation (power on) in the total power generation (power on). Considering the dual uncertainties of China's economic and energy development in the future, in order to ensure the realization of the development goal of non fossil energy, the actual implementation of the policy is based on the relative quantity, which stipulates that the subject of quota obligations should include a certain proportion of renewable energy power in its total power consumption

allocation of the basic nature of quota indicators. The renewable energy electricity quota target must be implemented to all kinds of obligatory subjects in order to achieve. China's national conditions determine that there must be an appropriate level between the national target and the actual large number of quota obligatory subjects to undertake the intermediate target. Since the endowment of renewable energy resources, the future economic development mode, development speed, energy and power consumption of each province in China are different, and the renewable energy development mode of each province will also be different, the decomposition of renewable energy power consumption goals from the country to each province also needs to be treated differently according to the idea of comprehensively considering "consumption capacity, development potential and power layout", Different indicator distribution schemes should be adopted for provinces with different development types

quota certificate system. In order to effectively measure and calculate the utilization level of renewable energy power, provide market-oriented means to balance the differences in renewable energy power generation and utilization capacity between regions, and promote the consumption of renewable energy, the exposure draft introduces the renewable energy power certificate system. Renewable energy power certificate is the carrier to record and measure the production, consumption and transaction of renewable energy power. The subject of quota obligation submits the full certificate as the only certificate to complete the renewable energy quota index. At this stage, the main function of the certificate is to serve as the measurement voucher of renewable energy electricity, and the purpose of the transaction is to expand the scale of national renewable energy consumption as a market-oriented adjustment means. The transfer and transaction of renewable energy electricity certificates will not affect the corresponding electricity of renewable energy power generation enterprises, and they will continue to enjoy the national renewable energy electricity price surcharge subsidy

supervision, evaluation and assessment methods of quota obligations. The competent department of energy under the State Council is responsible for supervising, evaluating and assessing the completion of the main quota indicators of the quota obligations in each provincial administrative region on an annual basis, and publishing the evaluation and assessment results to the public. For the provincial administrative regions that fail to meet the quota indicators, the competent Energy Department of the State Council will take corresponding assessment measures in terms of the approval of new fossil energy projects, new construction indicators of renewable energy projects, energy demonstration projects, title awarding, etc. Enterprises that refuse to perform their renewable energy quota obligations and violate the relevant provisions of renewable energy quota implementation will be listed in the bad credit record of the power market in accordance with the relevant provisions

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