Wireless remote monitoring system for well pattern

2022-07-31
  • Detail

With the development of oil field and the improvement of industrial automation level, a new technology for oil production has emerged, that is, the remote monitoring and collection of oil production equipment and oil production data by using the system composed of wireless data transmission radio and modern computer developed by modern communication technology

an oil field consists of multiple oil wells, metering room, manifold valve group, oil transfer station, combined station, crude oil export system Oil tank and oil "our high gloss materials create an elegant appearance similar to glass, which is composed of other scattered facilities in the field. Then the working status of various facilities in the entire oil field and the data of oil products (mainly including temperature, pressure, flow, etc.) It is directly related to the stability of oilfield production and the quality of crude oil. At present, most of them manually check the equipment operation, measure and count the oil production data. Due to the large number of oil wells and their distribution range from tens to hundreds of square kilometers, this method will inevitably increase the labor intensity of workers, and affect the real-time and even accuracy of equipment monitoring and oil production data. Therefore, the automation and informatization of oil field are extremely prominent

with the development of computer technology and communication technology, the production monitoring system in the oil and gas industry has also been greatly developed

the system discussed in this paper is based on the following point of view, that is, the current oilfield monitoring and operating system based on computer and wireless data transmission radio can greatly improve the oilfield production efficiency, reduce the comprehensive cost, and realize the automation and informatization of oilfield production and management. In order to achieve this goal, we must develop a reliable oilfield monitoring and operating system based on microcomputer technology and modern communication technology; Develop new and cheap oil field operation monitoring methods; Develop a user-friendly database and recording system

II. System overview:

the application of industrial monitoring system in the oil and gas industry has the following characteristics:

* it generally spans large regions, so the radio station is required to support long-distance transmission

The unattended telecontrol control of the well station determines that the radio station should have the ability to resist the adverse weather environment

Figure 7 overall configuration of production monitoring system based on microcomputer and wireless data transmission radio

* the whole system is huge, with a large number of monitoring well stations, requiring high speed of wireless communication system and fast polling response time

* at the same time, as the oil and gas industry is the national energy base, the industrial control systems adopted by it are the most advanced and reliable equipment, so the wireless communication link as the key guarantee of the whole system must be reliable, stable and have excellent performance to ensure the best operation of the whole industrial control system

the typical application of wireless data transmission radio in the oil and gas industry is in the three remotes (telemetry, remote signaling and remote control) and automatic measurement of oil and gas wells - the well station data is transmitted to the control center of the oil production team through the wireless data transmission radio, and then the oil production team is connected with the general control center of the superior oil production plant or oil company through the special wide area communication or wireless network

the basis of the production monitoring and operating system is to record the data collected by all the main links of the remote microcomputer screen display universal testing machine control system and various conventional or unique sensors of the surface separation and storage system 24 hours a day

data transmission between oilfield operation computer and well site computer is completed by microwave radio system. The relay station is optional. If it is used, it will be built in a higher place with high gain antenna. Relay stations are generally located near multiple remote wellhead microcomputers and use inexpensive non gain antennas

III. software

several independent packages designed to meet the requirements of accelerating access speed and reducing storage capacity constitute the software of the production monitoring system. The main parts include the operating system of the monitoring computer of the oil field center, the scanning and communication program of the wellhead microcomputer, the preparation of statements and analysis of data in the production monitoring system of the oil field center, and the software for communication recognized by US Secretary of Commerce Ross at the hearing meeting held by the Senate Finance Committee

1. Operating system

the characteristics of the system can be divided into two categories: real-time monitoring and data management:

(1) real-time monitoring

① automatically collect and recognize the data transmitted from the remote wellhead microcomputer, and each well has its own identification characteristics

② automatically check for errors and retransmit if necessary

③ dial automatically when receiving any level of alarm

④ the modem communication processing program can enter the computer system through the security password, and the oil well data of a single user can be obtained through the second level security password

(2) database management

① sensor and alarm data are stored by time, date and oil well

② prioritize the alarm data according to the urgency and recognition of the alarm data. The alarm data of each well shall be stored separately

③ store historical data and keep these data for about 1 month

④ initialize the remote wellhead microcomputer through a special menu and the selected sensor group. Designated radio relay station (if any); Planned data collection time and interval; Planned data recording time and interval; Password assignment; Set alarm priority and alarm record number

field operators and users talk to the system through a series of menus and screen displays. Not only historical data but also current data can be obtained

2. The design of user networking management

system enables field operators and remote mine operators to display the data stored in the oilfield headquarters through a series of menus

IV. conclusion

the production monitoring system in the oil and gas industry based on the microcomputer and wireless data transmission radio that also provides various equipment information can greatly improve the economic and social benefits of enterprises. It is suggested that the oil field should be approved and implemented as soon as possible

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